Tools Needed for Soil Compaction

When planning a project, it is always important to plan out everything carefully, especially in the starting phase. Creating a strong foundation for the building is the most critical part of any construction process. So you can have a solid foundation, soil compaction has to be performed first. This can be achieved through the use of compaction equipment. Usually, there are air voids from the soil that has to be removed to create a solid ground for the building. Reducing the porosity of the soil increases the bulk density of the ground, and it will be able to withstand higher loads as the air is displaced from its pores between the grains of the soil. The process of soil compaction can be achieved through the use of the following tools:

Tamping Rammer

The most crucial tool in soil compaction is a tamping rammer. A tamping rammer can either be powered with gas or electricity. This tool is especially useful in soils that are highly prone to cohesion, such as clay and silt. Its versatility makes it very convenient to use in tight spaces. There are different models of tamping rammer, and they come in varying sizes. Smaller models are recommended very well for compacting soils in tight spaces. The right size mainly depends on the area you are working with. The determining factor of a tamping rammer is its weight. The desired level of compaction requires more than three thousand pounds of force per square foot, and that force requires a lot of weight. Gas-powered tamping rammers are more useful in remote locations where electricity is scarce or unavailable. Electric-powered tamping rammers are quite more convenient to use for as long as there is a power outlet.

Plate compactor

A plate compactor is an ideal choice for those who are planning to build something on top of granular soil, including sand, dirt, and gravel with lots of aggregates included. Such kind of soil has very low density, and a plate compactor is highly effective in removing air pockets from the ground, leaving its surface extremely compact. An ordinary plate compactor can only operate in one direction. If the granular soil is not compacted enough on the first pass, you will have to turn the tool around to repeat the entire path. Fortunately, modern plate compactors today already have the reversible design feature, which makes the maneuvering of the tool a lot easier. Other models even include water tank features to prevent soil from sticking to the device.

Walk-behind roller

Another useful tool for compacting soil is a walk-behind roller. It is slightly larger than the plate compactor and is recommended in other situations. This compaction tool is highly-recommended in compacting soil and asphalt. It is used most of the time in the creation of highways, walkways, and private driveways. Most construction companies have this tool since it is the most versatile among the three. It can be used to compact almost any kind of soil, although compacting asphalt is what it is best at.